No image available
J.H. van den Broek en J.B. Bakema. Competition design for housing, 1965. The New Institute Collection, MAQV 559
On Tuesday 15 October, the State Hermitage Museum in St Petersburg will open Russia’s first exhibition on Dutch postwar architecture. Through 200 items from the collection of The New Institute in Rotterdam, including photographs, drawings and models, Architecture the Dutch Way, 1945–2000 illustrates how the Netherlands reshaped itself after the Second World War. Over the decades, the ideal of communality made way for more diversity, reflecting society’s increasing individualisation. Postwar Dutch architecture and city planning saw society as something that could be engineered and sought to design for “the common man”. The exhibition highlights these tendencies and reveals similarities and differences between Dutch and Russian architecture.
In the 1920s and 1930s, Dutch architects, artists and intellectuals maintained close links with their Russian colleagues. After the war, architectural assignments and achievements in the two countries show striking similarities, despite the different political systems that produced them. With reconstruction after the devastation of war, the mass production of social housing, and the use of traditional architectural styles, building in the Netherlands shared features with Soviet architecture under socialism.
The exhibition also looks at the phenomena of consumption and mass recreation, which boomed after the war under Western European capitalism. With the recent introduction of a market economy in Russia, similar developments are now taking place there too. And as the country embraces capitalism, Dutch architects are actively participating in Russian architectural practice.
The New Institute has loaned work from its collection by people including Johan Niegeman, Van den Broek & Bakema, J.J.P. Oud, J.F. Berghoef, Sybold van Ravesteyn, Gerrit Rietveld, Piet Blom, Herman Hertzberger, Hendrik Wijdeveld, and Hugh Maaskant. The loan, the largest in the institute’s history, is supplemented with work from contemporary Dutch architectural offices such as MVRDV, Soeters van Eldonk Architecten, Mecanoo Architecten and UN Studio.
A conference on Dutch-Russian relations in architecture and city planning up to the present will take place at the Hermitage the day after the opening. Subjects will include prewar Dutch-Russian involvement, the influence of Dutch structuralism on Soviet architecture, and contemporary building practice in Russia as experienced by Dutch architects including Erick van Egeraat and De Architekten Cie.
2013: Netherlands-Russia year
Architecture the Dutch Way is a joint project of The New Institute and the Hermitage. It is curated by Ellen Smit of The New Institute, Ksenia Malich of the Hermitage, and Bart Goldhoorn, the publisher of Project Russia and curator of the Moscow Architecture Biennale. The exhibition, organised as part of Netherlands-Russia year, will be on view at the State Hermitage Museum in St Petersburg from Wednesday 16 October through Sunday 12 January.
About The New Institute
The New Institute arose on 1 January 2013 out of a merger between the Netherlands Architecture Institute; Premsela, the Netherlands Institute for Design and Fashion; and Virtueel Platform, the e-culture knowledge institute. Its internationally renowned collection of items from the archives of important architects and urban planners provides insight into the development of Dutch architecture and planning from 1850 to 1980.
Images are available for all the objects in the exhibition. A selection can be found on Flickr Commons. For higher resolution, more images or additional information, please contact Petra van der Ree, Marketing Communication, The New Institute, +31 (0)10 440 1217, firstname.lastname@example.org
Special passwords are required to access the press image galleries. To request access, please contact the Marketing & Communications team for more information: email@example.com, tel. +31 10-4401200.